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Related Research: AI reports
Related Research: AI reports
TJ Hoffman avatar
Written by TJ Hoffman
Updated over a week ago

We will share links to research related to the various factors analyzed with Sibme AI. For a full list of AI reports, click here.

Closed vs. Open-Ended

  1. Knight, J. December 2022. Vol 80. No 4 The Beautiful Question

  2. Marangell, Samantha (2021). Melbourne Centre For The Study Of Higher Education, March 2021: Asking Questions To Support Student Learning In Class: Strategies And Tips For Small-Group Teaching

  3. Open-ended Versus Closed-ended Questions. St. Olaf College. 2023

  4. Sattes and Walsh (2005) Quality Questioning (p.56, p.122, p.25, p.15).

  5. 7 Tips for Teaching Students How to Ask Questions

Cold Call vs. Choral Response

  1. Choral Response TLAC 3.0 (p.301,302,305).

  2. Ginsburg, David (June 19, 2011) Education Week. Quest for the Best Questioning Strategy: Cold Calling vs. Choral Response

  3. Harvard Graduate School Expanding Participation Through Cold-Calling

  4. Terada, Youki (April 26,2023) Does Cold Calling Work? Here’s What the Research Says

  5. TLAC 3.0 (p.282,288,297-299).

  6. Sherrington, Tom. Feb. 2021. Cold Calling: The #1 strategy for inclusive classrooms – remote and in person.

Generic Praise Vs. Behavior Specific Praise

  1. (n.d.). Fundamental Skill Sheet, Behavior Specific Praise. Iris Center

  2. Jenkins, L. N., Floress, M. T., & Reinke, W. R. (2015). Rates and Types of Teacher Praise: A Review and Future Directions. Psychology in the Schools, 52 (5), 463-476.

  3. Panorama Education (n.d.). Guide to Behavior Specific Praise in the Classroom. Retrieved July 2, 2023,

Teacher Talk vs. Student Talk

  1. Barkley, Steve (June 10, 2018). Teacher Talk and Student Talk

  2. Coffey, Carlyn (May 16, 2022). Why is Measuring Student Talk Important?

  3. Gracey, Lori. (Who’s Doing the Talking in Our Classrooms?) TCEA TechNotes: Who’s Doing the Talking in Our Classrooms?,of%20which%20nine%20are%20procedural

  4. Hattie, John. Visible Learning for Teachers : Maximizing Impact on Learning, Taylor and Francis, 2012. ProQuest Ebook Central,

  5. International Journal Of Applied Language And Cultural Studie (IJALCS) Vol. 2, No. 2, 2019. Bisera Kostadinovska-Stojchevska; Ivana Popovikj. Teacher Talking Time Vs. Student Talking Time: Moving Teacher-Centered Classroom To Learner-Centered Classroom

  6. Klara Sedova,Martin Sedlacek,Roman Svaricek,Martin Majcik,Jana Navratilova,Anna Drexlerova,Jakub Kychler,Zuzana Salamounova (October 2019). Science Direct. Do those who talk more learn more? The relationship between student classroom talk and student achievement

  7. Rogers, Richard James. December 2022 The Truth About Teacher Talking Time.

  8. Starr, Sandra Teacher-Talk: Supporting Teacher Practice

  9. Teach Like a Champion (05.08.19) Department Of Pet Peeves: Vilifying ‘teacher Talk’

Wait Time

  1. Kelly, Melissa. "Wait Time in Education." ThoughtCo, Jul. 29, 2021,

  2. Majeika, Caitlyn. Fundamental Skill Sheet, Wait Time. Iris Center

  3. McCarthy, J. (2018, January 10). Extending the Silence. Edutopia.

  4. Rowe, Mary Budd. Apr. 1972 Wait-Time and Rewards as Instructional Variables: Their Influence on Language, Logic and Fate Control.

  5. Stahl, Robert J. May 1994. Using “Think-Time” and “Wait-Time” Skillfully in the Classroom ERIC Digest

  6. Takayoshi, P and Van Ittersum, D. (2018). Wait Time: Making Space for Authentic Learning. Kent State University Center for Teaching and Learning

  7. Teacher Toolkit. Sept 2021. The Longer You Wait, The Better The Reward.

Words Per Minute

  1. Barnard. Dom. Nov. 2022. Average Speaking Rate and Words per Minute

  2. Birchfield, David.Sept. 2020 Slow Down: Why You’re Speaking Too Fast.

  3. Lundberg, Christian. Myth Busted-speedkills? The best rate for good presentations.

  4. The National Center for Voice and Speech. (n.d.). Voice Qualities

  5. Tool For Clear Speech. Speaking Rate. Baruch College. 2023

  6. Osbone, D. (2012). Teacher-Talk: A Sociolinguistic Variable

  7. Kelch, K. (1985). Modified input as an aid to comprehension. Studies in Second Language Acqui-sition

  8. Dahl, D. (1981). The role of experience in speech modifications for second language learners. Minnesota Papers in Linguistics and Philosophy of Language

  9. Holland, R. and T. Shortall. 2000. Classroom Research and Research Methods. Centre for English Language Studies. Birmingham University. (edited)

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